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南京師範大學文學院前教授，曾發表公開信要求中國進行憲政改革及宣佈組建「中國新民黨」。2008年5月，因撰文批評中國政府處理四川地震的方式，而被扣留10天後才獲釋。2008 年11 月，被政府當局拘留，並於2009年8月受審，最後以「顛覆國家政權罪」，重判10 年。郭泉日前向江蘇省高級人民法院提出上訴。
Liu Xiaobo (劉曉波)
Beijing freelance writer, former lecturer of Beijing Normal University and honorary president of Independent Chinese PEN Centre. In December 2008, he co-drafted and co-signed the Charter 08. He was detained on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power” and was under “residential surveillance” in a Beijing suburb for seven months. He was formally arrested in June 2009.
Tan Zuoren (譚作人)
Sichuan environmental activist. After the Sichuan earthquake in May 2008, he actively participated in investigating the problem of substandard buildings and collected data about the deceased students. He was arrested in March 2009 on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power”. In August 2009, he was tried before the Chengdu Intermediate People’s Court. No verdict has been delivered yet. Tan is now being detailed in Wenjiang Detention Centre in Chengdu, Sichuan.
Huang Qi (黃琦)
Dissident internet writer in Sichuan and person-in-charge of “64 Tianwang” website in China. Huang was taken away by the public security in Chengdu, Sichuan, in June 2008 probably because he wrote articles on the internet to criticize the government’s rescue work during the Sichuan earthquake, exposed the problem of substandard buildings and provided assistance to the parents of deceased students. In July 2008, he was formally arrested and was charged with “illegally possessing state secrets”. In August 2009, he was brought to court for a closed trial. No verdict has been delivered yet.
Xie Changfa (謝長發)
Dissident in Hunan province and a leader of the Workers’ Autonomous Federation during the pro-democracy movement in 1989. After the Sichuan earthquake in May 2008, Xie wrote articles to criticize the substandard school buildings. He was arrested in June 2008. He was tried in April 2009 and was sentenced to 13 years’ imprisonment in September 2009 on the charge of “subverting state power”.
Guo Quan (郭泉)
Former professor of Faculty of Arts of Nanjing Normal University. He had written open letters to demand the Chinese government to undergo constitutional reform and announce to establish “China New Democracy Party”. In May 2008, he was detained for ten days for writing articles to criticize the Chinese government’s handling of the Sichuan earthquake. In November 20008, he was detained again and was tried in August 2009. He was sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment on the charge of “subverting state power”. He has filed an appeal against his sentence to the Jiangsu Provincial Higher People’s Court.
Jin Haike (靳海科)
Beijing freelance writer, former engineer of Beijing Geological Exploration Institute. In March 2001, he was clandestinely detained for founding the “New Youth Study Group” and writing articles on the internet. He was formally arrested in April 2001. He was sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment in 2003 on the charge of “subverting state power”.
Zheng Yichun (鄭貽春)
Liaoning freelance writer and poet. Zheng had written many articles on the internet. Zheng was detained in December 2004 and sentenced to seven years’ imprisonment on the charge of “inciting subversion of state power” on 1 September 2005. Zheng suffered from diabetes.
Hu Jia (胡佳)
Beijing human rights activist. He was concerned about AIDS and environmental problems and assisted other human rights defenders. In December 2007, he was taken away from his home in BOBO Freedom City in Tongzhou District in Beijing. In April 2008, he was sentenced to three years and six months on charge of “inciting subversion of state power” by writing five articles and accepting two interviews with foreign media to criticize the Chinese government. He was awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought by the European Parliament in 2008. He suffered from hepatitis and liver cirrhosis. His wife Zeng Jinyan has been worried about whether he received proper medical treatment in prison.
Gao Zhisheng (高智晟)
Beijing human rights lawyer. In early 2005, he released three open letters to President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabo calling on the Chinese government to stop persecuting “free religious believers”. In December 2006, he was sentenced to three years’ imprisonment, suspended for five years, on the charge of “inciting subversion of state power”. On 4 February 2009, he was taken away from his home in Shaanxi and disappeared since then. He was tortured when he was under surveillance. In 2001, Gao was named as one of China’s top ten lawyers by a publication run by the Ministry of Justice.
Chen Guangcheng (陳光誠)
Shandong blind “barefoot lawyer”. Chen assisted villagers in Linyi, Shandong, to expose the local government’s forced abortion population control policy. In August 2006, he was sentenced to four years and three months on charges of destroying property and organizing a mob to disrupt traffic. His sentence was upheld on 12 January 2007. He had been tortured in prison and suffered from serious diarrhea. Chen was voted as one of the 100 most influential people in the world by the Time magazine’s 1 May 2006 issue.
Guo Feixiong (郭飛雄)
Guangdong legal activist. He provided legal assistance to the villagers of Taishi Village in Panyu, Guangdong, who tried to depose the village officials by election. He was revenged by the local officials. In November 2007, he was sentenced to five years’ imprisonment on the charge of “illegal business operation”. He complained to his lawyers Mo Shaoping and Hu Xiao that he was tortured in the detention centre. Since his lawyer Liu Shihui visited him in prison on 7 July 2009, his family members and his lawyers have not been allowed to visit him for four months. His current situation in prison is worrying.
Shi Tao (師濤)
Former journalist of “Contemporary Business News” in Hunan, poet and freelance writer. In 2004, Shi sent out a document, which was about the Chinese government’s concern about overseas Chinese democracy activists returning to China to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the June 4 Massacre, through his Yahoo! Email account. He was charged with “illegally providing state secrets to overseas entities” and was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in 2005. During a US Congressional hearing on 6 November 2007, Yahoo!’s founder Jerry Yang apologized to Shi’s mother Gao Qinsheng and paid compensation as outside court settlement, but Shi is now still serving his sentence in Deshan Prison in Hunan province.
Yang Tianshui (楊天水)
Originally called Yang Tongyan, a freelance writer in Nanjing. He wrote articles to criticize the government and organized to form the Suwan branch of the China Democratic Party. He was sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment in May 2006 on the charge of “inciting subversion of state power” and was deprived of his political rights for four years. According to information from the Independent Chinese PEN Centre, Yang is now suffering from intestinal inflammation, tuberculous peritonitis, diabetes and nephritis. He has been suffering from fever since October. He needs to be released on medical parole otherwise his life will be in danger.
Freelance writer in Hangzhou. He wrote articles on the internet to criticize the government and expose local government officials’ corruption in relation to forced land evictions. He was accused of inciting subversion among 19 of the 266 articles he wrote. In February 2008, he was sentenced by the Hangzhou Intermediate People’s court to four years’ imprisonment on the charge of “inciting subversion of state power”.